static IP address also known dedicated IP or fix IP address mean never change. The static IP address is a permanent number assigns to a computer by an (isp) internet service provider.
computer with an allocated static IP address uses the same IP address when connecting to the Internet.
static IP address is useful for websites, hosting, and gaming and IP services providers. speed and reliability are the key advantages of using static IP addresses. because static IP address is constant therefore it increases speed reliability.
What is the difference between a dynamic and static IP address?
While a device is assigned a static IP address, this address does not change. Many devices use dynamic random IP addresses. The dynamic means random addresses, which are assigned by the network when they connect and change over time.
How do I check static IP addresses?
For checking the static IP address follow these steps
Current IP Address
Find your current IP address and whether it is static or dynamic:
- Open the Start menu in your window.
- write cmd (command prompt and press enter.
- The command window will be opened.
- At the blinking cursor of command window type: ipconfig /all and press Enter.
- Look for these entries near the end of the list:
- Dhcp Enabled. if DHCP enabled means your IP address is dynamic. if it is disabled means it is static. if DHCP, not show write sc query DHCP and hit enter.
- static IP address: this is your current IP address.
- To exit, at the blinking cursor, type: exit and press Enter.
If your current IP address is:
- Static, then make note of the IP address. You need the IP address when you open ports in your router or firewall.
- Dynamic, then assign a static IP address instead.
when should you use a static IP address?
Static IP addresses mostly matter more when external devices or websites need to recognize your IP address. Mostly there is no need for static IP addresses.if you are hosting a server there is no need for static IP address, although it can simply the step process. Google Fiber provides two choices. Static IP addresses are necessary for devices that require continuous access. For example, they’re basically required if your computer is configured as a server, such as a web browser or file transfer protocol server.
some other judgments to use static IPs:
- They give slightly better protection against network security problems than does DHCP address assignment.
- Some network devices don’t support DHCP.
- Helps avoid potential IP address conflicts where DHCP might supply an address already assigned elsewhere.
- It provides geolocation that’s more accurate than a dynamic IP address.
How to Assign Static IP Address to Your Devices?
Yes you can do this fast way through the command prompt.first find your subnet mask, default gateway, and then network adapter name. In my case, I’m on a Wi-Fi network, so the adapter name is Wi-Fi. To find yours just type the following command (ipconfig) on command prompt.
After putting ipconfig in command prompt when you get the output,find the network adaptor where is IP list showing.
The adapter name is a one-word name suffixed to the end of the Network Title. You will also need the Subnet Mask and the Default Gateway Address.
By default, router assigns dynamic IP Address to each device that connects to it. This is called DHCP (Dynamic Host Control Protocol). But sometimes, we need static IP address every time it connects to the network. Reason being,
- Reach your computer from the Internet.
- Share data connecting two devices on the same network.
- Instantly access your Network Printer or NAS.
- Use your computer as a media server.
- Or your work WiFi requires you to use Static IP address.
After adapter name,Subnet Mask and Default Gateway, run the following command in command window.
netsh interface ip set address name=”Wi-Fi” static 192.43.78 255.255.255.0 192.168.43.244
Wherein, Wi-Fi should be replaced by your adapter name and the IP, subnet mask and gateway address according to your configuration.
This will change your IP address from DHCP to manual with the static IP address you have specified.
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